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SAT写作范文怎么写,才能拿到理想分数

作者: 2022-06-01 16:17 来源:重庆编辑
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  正在备考SAT的同学们,你们知道SAT写作范文怎么写,才能拿到理想的分数吗?今天新航道重庆学校为大家整理了一篇有关SAT写作范文,这篇范文主要是关于中庸之道的,那么和小编一起来看看吧。

 

  Is it better to select one of two polar opposites, or is the middle ground closer to the truth?

  是在极端对立的二者中选其一好呢,还是中庸之道更接近真理?

 

  Western modernity has predicated itself on a dichotomous thinking, the American philosopher William Spanos argues. This outlook, in which all things are reduced to black and white, two diametrically opposed positions, is wrong. I believe that rather than endorsing such extremes of opposition, one may get closer to the truth between two poles. The examples of dichotomous thinking in politics and an example in our own life will serve to illustrate my position.

 

  Traditionally, Spanos argues, Euro-American thinking traces its roots back to Greco-Roman civilization. The Greek word for “truth” was not so much an objective reality in and of itself, but rather the absence of “untruth. ” The term “aleithos” was formed by the prefix “a,” lack of, and “leithos,” of falseness. From this kind of binary logic sprang fecundly a bevy of other thinkers, all whom utilized and endorsed this mindset. However, when such a totalizing view is plugged into the political machine,devastating results may occur. The black and white clear-cut-ness of reality is transformed into a terminal US-THEM dichotomy, in which “we” rally among a common goal and defend against the outside “them. ” This scapegoating effect was notably used in Nazi Germany by Adolf Hitler, who claimed the pureblood Aryan “We” had to purge the noxious, vile “Them” -Jews, gypsies, Slavs, homosexuals,etc. In such a case a more compromising solution would have been the better choice.

 

  Another example in which totalizing mindsets have shut down possibilities and cooperation is in our own lives. Certain few Americans still hold the racist view that African-Americans are inferior, a legacy of America's history with slavery. Despite possessing politeness, intelligence and every pleasant characteristic, some African Americans are still judged solely by the color of their skin, treated badly or rejected for no other warrant. But such a binary view on things is wrong and not reflective of reality.

 

  There is no one race that should automatically be valued above others. Here the truth lies in the middle ground-white or black, European-American or African-American, we are all okay. We should all accept and cooperate with one another and become good friends with each other.

 

  Though true-false test questions only have one answer in a binary choice, reallife is not like that. We can all learn to seek truth by finding the less extreme choices in our lives, as supported by the political impacts of dichotomy and our own lives.

 

  下面是为大家准备了关于中庸之道的SAT作文范文的翻译,帮助大家更好的理解吸收,希望大家取长补短,更轻松的攻克SAT写作。

 

  美国哲学家威廉·斯潘诺斯认为,西方的现代文明基于一种二元性的思维。这个观点将所有的事情简化为黑与白两个相反的对立状态,这是错误的。我认为不应该赞成如此极端的对立,相反,在两极之间人可能会更接近真理。我将用政治中二元性思维的例子和我们生活中的一个例子来说明我的主张。

 

  斯潘诺斯认为,从传统的意义上看,欧美人的思维源于古希腊和罗马文明。希腊文中的“真理”二字并不是用来指客观事实的本身及其真实性,而是指缺乏“不真实”的状态。希腊词“aleithos(真理)”由前缀“a(缺乏)”加上“leithos(虚伪或不真实)”组成。另外一群思想家在这种二元逻辑的影响下如雨后春笋般涌现,他们都利用并赞成这种思维倾向。然而,当这样一种的观点与政治机器相接时,也许会出现毁灭性的结果。对事实非黑即白的截然划分被转化为终的我们和他们两大阵营。其中,在共同目标下集合起来的“我们”去抵御外部的“他们”。这个替罪羊式的二元思维曾被阿道夫·希特勒用于纳粹德国,他声称“我们”纯血统的雅利安人必须净化邪恶卑劣的“他们”,包括犹太人、吉普赛人、斯拉夫人、同性恋者等等。在这个事例中,一种更加妥协的解决之道会是较好的选择。

 

  另外一个我们自己生活中的例子说明,化的思维方式关闭了机会和合作的大门。美国历史上曾经允许蓄奴,作为它所遗留下的产物,个别的美国人依然抱着种族主义的观点,认为非洲裔的美国人是下等民族。尽管一些非洲裔的美国人有礼貌,聪明,具备每一个可爱的优点,却仍然被以肤色作为判断的罕有的标准,受到刁难,或在毫无正当理由的情况下被抵制。显然,采用如此二元论的观点去看待事物是错误的,因为它不能反映真实的情况。没有任何一个种族会天生比其他民族更优越。

 

  在这里,真理存在于两者之间-白人和黑人,欧洲裔的美国人和非洲裔的美国人,大家都很棒。我们应该彼此接受,通力合作,并互相成为好朋友。

 

  尽管判断正误题在两种选择中只有一个答案,然而我们的现实生活却不是那样的。我们都能够学会在生活中作出不那么偏激的选择,从而探寻到真理,正如上述二元论对政治的影响和我们生活中的例子所证明的一样。

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